2019 International Conference on Frontiers of Energy and Environmental Sciences (FEES 2019)
2019 International Conference on Frontiers of Energy and Environmental Sciences
December 14-15, 2019, Xi'an, China
History and Culture of Shaanxi, China
Shaanxi is one of major birthplaces of Chinese nation and Chinese civilization. Lantian ape men lived here 800,000 years ago. In 1953, the Banpo Village site was found in Chengdong, Xi’an, demonstrating the progress and civilization of the matriarchal clan society 6,000 year ago. Yellow Emperor is the earliest ancestor of Chinese nation. The Yellow Emperor mausoleum located in Huangling County, northern Shaanxi has become the symbol of the spirit of Chinese nation.
More than 10 dynasties founded a capital in Shaanxi, including the Western Zhou Dynasty, Qin Dynasty, Western Han Dynasty, Former Zhao Dynasty, Former Qin Dynasty, Later Qin Dynasty, Western Wei Dynasty, Northern Zhou Dynasty, Daxia Dynasty, Sui Dynasty, and Tang Dynasty. The reign was more than 1,000 years. Shaanxi is the province with the most dynasties founding a capital here as well as the longest reign in China. For a long time it has been China’s political, economic, and cultural center, leaving abundant historical and cultural heritage. Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi, is one of six major ancient cities in China.
More than 2,000 years ago, the “Silk Road” starting from ancient Chang'an opened. From then on, Shaanxi has become a birthplace opening to the outside world, and its capital Chang’an has become the world-famous commerce and trade distributing center for China and the West. In the Tang Dynasty, Shaanxi became a place for China to make cultural exchange with other countries and regions like Japan, Southeast Asia, and North Korea. To this day, the custom left by a preceding generation, such as Zhou Dynasty language, Qin Dynasty suit, and Tang Dynasty courtesy, can still be found in these countries and regions.
A large number of great masters of culture emerged to deliver us culture and art of great splendor. Among these masters were Duke of Zhou who developed the system of rites and music in the Western Zhou Dynasty, Cheng Miao who created Clerical script in the Qin Dynasty, Sima Qian as well as Ban Biao, Ban Gu, and Ban Zhao who were great historians in the Han Dynasty, Ma Rong who was a master in the study of Confucian classics in Guanzhong, Wang Wei, Bai Juyi, and Du Mu who were great poets in the Tang Dynasty, Liu Gongquan and Yan Zhenqing who were great calligraphers, Yan Lide and Yan Liben who were great painters, and Yan Shigu who was an expert in exegetical study. They created immortal masterpieces and set up great monuments in human’s cultural history, thereby being widely admired.